Kaufmann, D. (2019), Comparing Urban Citizenship, Sanctuary Cities, Local Bureaucratic Membership, and Regularizations

JOURNAL ARTICLE (Public Administration Review)

Citation: Kaufmann, D. (2019), Comparing Urban Citizenship, Sanctuary Cities, Local Bureaucratic Membership, and Regularizations, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/puar.13029


Abstract/Description: Irregular migrants tend to live in dense urban settings. Cities respond to this phenomenon with a variety of urban immigration and citizenship policies in support of irregular migrants. These urban policies produce a disparity between local inclusion and national exclusion. This article describes and compares such urban policies, namely, urban citizenship, sanctuary cities, local bureaucratic membership, and regularizations. Urban citizenship serves as the normative foundation of these policies because it claims membership for all people who inhabit a city. Regularization programs confer national residency status on irregular migrants. Pro-immigration actors favor this policy; however, when regularizations are not possible, cities can turn to sanctuary city and local bureaucratic membership policies. It is important for practitioners to comprehend and engage with these types of urban policies since they are likely to travel to cities worldwide.


This publication is available here.


This is NOT a C-MISE publication: this website hosts links to external publications and resources selected by the C-MISE team on the basis of their relevance for city authorities interested in service provision to migrants with irregular status, and are only presented here as suggested readings. External publications are the product of the authors there mentioned, and are not in any way the product of the C-MISE initiative, nor are they related or endorsed by the C-MISE initiative.